The Ship "Mayflower"
Edouad Bompasse (Edward Bumpas), as he was called in the Plymouth Colony, was the first of his name, and the only of this name, as far as can be found, to arrive in this country. The name has taken on various spellings as follows: Bump, Bumpas, Bumpass, Bumpers, Bumps and Bumpus. Edouad came as a young man on the ship "Fortune" the first ship after the "Mayflower I." The ship "Fortune'" arrived at Plymouth, now Massachusetts, on Nov. 10, 1621.
The name Bompasse is probably of French origin, possibly Hugenot. The old Norman and French name Bonpas, literally translated, Goodstep, is an aristocratic name in Europe. The Bonpas family originated in Perpignam in the extreme south western portion of France near the Mediterranean. The name probably came to England with Normans, and perhaps again with the Hugenots. Bumpus also exists as a name derived from Boneboz in Normandy, a Fief held from the Earls of Mellent.
One source of information states that Eduoad Bompasse was born about 1605, of St. Bartholomew Parish, London, England, died 3 Feb. 1693, Marshfield, Plymouth County, Ma., married 1628 in Ma., Hannah, born about 1607, England, died, 12 Feb. 1693, Marshfield, Ma. Edouad Bompasse was probably a member of the Protestants who fled from Holland to Amsterdam. He was reportedly with the Pilgrims in Leyden, Holland and probably went to England with those who returned after the first attempt to sail for America failed. Willison in his Saints and Strangers, states that Edouad Bompasse was a Saint and native Leydener. Leyden was located six to seven miles up the Rhine River and was considered the spiritual capital of Protestant Europe.
In 1623 he received one share in the land allotment as one of those who came in the Fortune and in 1627 a share in the cattle, indicating he was unmarried. He sold his acre of land on the north side of town in 1628 and was granted 20 acres of land on Duxbury Bay where he settled and built a house and palisado. In March of 1634/35 he sold this property and was allowed to "take up land in another place." In March of 1644/45 when the boundries of Marshfield were laid, his property was included. He is included in the 1643 list of men of Marshfield able to bear arms. Sometime before Sept. 1645 he sold his property to Solomon Lenner.
Edouad or Edward as he was now called, was one of the original proprietors of Middleboro, where his son Joseph settled. He was also a purchaser of Dartmouth lands. On the 15 July 1653 Edmond Chandler of Duxbury exchanged his rights in lands in Satuckquett for Edward Bumpas's lands and rights in Cushenett and Coaksett. He was on the jury in 1654 and 1655 and in 1657 took the oath of fidelity as of the Town of Duxbury.
After 1656 he seems to have lost control of his properties and through lack of cooperation in the family he and his wife Hannah were to some extent dependent upon the community for their well being.
Although he and his sons as "first borne in the colony" were eligible for grants they did not take advantage of their positions.
Source: "A Genealogy of: Bump-Bumpas-Bumpass-Bumpers-Bumps-Bumpus Descendants of Edouad Bompasse of the 'Ship Fortune'" by Lynn Albert Bumpus, 1986.